Clinical Neuroscience Lab
Department of Psychology at Seoul National University
“Cognitive control” refers to the processes that facilitate the information processing related to current goals by suppressing habitual or prepotent responses which are inappropriate to achieve the goals. Therefore, cognitive control helps individuals to behave in flexible ways, rather than remaining rigid and habitual (Braver, Cohen, & Barch, 2002). Cognitive control includes a broad domain of mental abilities such as goal or context representation and maintenance, strategic processes with attention allocation and stimulus-response mapping, and performance monitoring. Also, cognitive control includes a variety of cognitive processes (Carter, Braver, Barch, Botvinick, Noll, & Cohen, 1998), but is not limited to a particular cognitive domain (Banich, 1997). Cognitive control is primarily under the control of prefrontal areas. The prefrontal areas are vulnerable to aging, and its development is comparatively slower than the other parts of the brain. However, cognitive control can be improved by participating in a series of training programs.
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