Clinical Neuroscience Lab

Department of Psychology at Seoul National University​


Neuropsychological Tests Developed by the CNS Lab

Click on the names of the tests to visit the website for purchase.

Korean Dementia Rating Scale 2 (K-DRS2)


The K-DRS2 is a re-standardized test of the U.S. DRS2 in Korea for the evaluation of the overall cognitive function of the elderly and the diagnosis and measurement of the progress of dementia patients. The K-DRS was first published in 1998, and the K-DRS2 was published in 2011. Since its publication, the K-DRS has helped clinicians to diagnose dementia patients and measure their progress, which has contributed to management and research by enabling the quantification of cognitive and behavioral function. In the K-DRS2, more sophisticated age- and education-matched norms were established. It measures cognitive functions conveniently and in detail, enabling the appropriate assessment of dementia patients in clinical settings.




김호영, 최진영, & 석정서. (2010). 한국판 치매 평가 검사 (K-DRS) 를 이용한 노인인지기능 평가에서 변화유의성 탐지: 50 세 이상 장노년

            검사-검사 규준 연구. 한국심리학회지: 임상29(2), 505-523.

석정서, 최진영, & 김호영. (2010). 한국판 치매 평가 검사 (K-DRS) 의 2 차 규준 연구. 한국심리학회지: 임상, 29(2), 559-572.

최진영, 나덕렬, 박선희, & 박은희. (1998). 임상: 한국판 치매 평가 검사의 타당도와 신뢰도 연구. 한국심리학회지:  임상17(1), 247-258.

최진영, & 이소애. (1997). 한국판 치매 평가 검사 (K-DRS) 의 규준 연구. 한국심리학회지: 임상16(2), 423-433.



Chey, J., Na, D. R., Park, S., Park, E., & Lee, S. (1999). Effects of education in dementia assessment: Evidence from  standardizing the

            Korean-Dementia Rating Scale. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 13(3), 293-302.

Lee, M. S., Choi, Y. K., Jung, I. K., & Kwak, D. I. (2000). Epidemiological study of geriatric depression in a Korea urban area. Journal of

            Korean geriatric psychiatry, 4(2), 154-163.

Chey, J., Na., D., Tae, W., Hong, S. (2006). Medial temporal lobe volume of nondemented elderly individuals with poor cognitive

            functions. Neurobiology of Aging. 27, 9, 1269-1279.

Elderly Memory Scale (EMS)


The Elderly Memory disorder Scale(EMS) has been developed based on memory paradigms that can measure the memory of Korean elderly people most efficiently, taking into account the characteristics of the cognitive and memory of Korean seniors that have been discovered in the past decade. South Korea is currently ranked as the fastest aging society in the world, and the prevalence of dementia is also growing very rapidly. However, there have been a lot of difficulties in clinical and research settings due to the lack of tools to accurately and comprehensively assess memory functions of the elderly. The EMS was developed to address this issue. It measures various aspects of memory (i.e. episodic, verbal, visual and semantic memory) for accurate diagnosis of dementia including dementia of the Alzheimer’s type.



김호영, & 최진영. (2010). 노인 기억장애 검사 (Elderly Memory-disorder Scale) 의 검사-재검사에서 변화의 유의성. 한국심리학회지:

            일반, 29(3), 441-460.

박혜연, 최진영, 김상은 (2013). 이야기회상 검사의 신경학적 타당성 연구.  한국심리학회: 임상, 32, 3, 465-480.

최진영, 이지은, 김명진, & 김호영. (2006). 노인용 언어 학습 검사 (Elderly Verbal Learning Test) 의 개발 및

            표준화 연구. 한국심리학회지: 일반25(1), 141-173. 

Baek, M. J., Kim, H. J., Ryu, H. J., Lee, S. H., Han, S. H., Na, H. R., ... & Kim, S. (2011). The usefulness of the story recall test in patients

            with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 18(2), 214-229.

Chey, J. Y. (2007). Elderly memory disorder scale. Seoul, Hakjisa.

Kim, H., & Chey, J. (2010). Effects of education, literacy, and dementia on the Clock Drowling Test performance. Journal of the

            International Neuropsychological Society, 16(06), 1138-1146.

Korean Wechsler Memory Scale Fourth Edition (K-WMS-IV)

The Korean Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth edition (K-WMS-IV) is a test battery designed to assess various memory capabilities for people aged 16-69. It can be used to assess important elements of memory problems that are commonly experienced by psychiatric or neurologic patients, and those who are undergoing developmental problems. The revised fourth edition consists of a total of seven subtests: Logical Memory (LM), Verbal paired Associates (VA), Visual Reproduction (VR), Brief Cognitive State Examination (BCSE; General cognitive screener), Design Memory (DM), Spatial Addition (SA) and Symbol Span (SS). LM, WA, design, and VR are divided into immediate and delayed recall conditions, and process scores are produced from some subtests.



이한경 (2014). 이야기 회상의 주제 및 세부 단위에서 관찰된 정상 및 경도인지장애의 기억 특성. 석사학위논문, 서울대학교 대학원.



K-Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (K-WAIS-IV)

The Korean Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV (K-WAIS-IV) is a standardized intelligence test that has been translated and normalized for the Korean adult population. It is designed to evaluate the cognitive abilities of people aged 16-90. It consists of subtests which can be used to calculate composite scores. The total scores represent general intellectual abilities and composite scores represent intellectual function in specific cognitive domains. K-WAIS-IV can be used to comprehensively assess general cognitive abilities. For example individuals who have very superior intellectual abilities or who exhibit cognitive deficits can be identified and can get appropriate intervention. It can also be used to identify and diagnose psychological or neurological problems in clinical settings. It should be noted that more complete clinical information can be obtained by using K-WAIS-IV and K-WMS-IV together. Because the two tests were standardized together, general cognitive and memory functions can be compared and this data can provide correlational information between measurements.



서리나, 성기혜, 김지혜, 황순택, 박광배, 최진영, & 홍상황 (2014).  조현병환자의 K-WAIS-IV의 프로파일.  한국심리학회지 : 임상, 33, 4, 719-737.

최아영, 황순택, 김지혜, 박광배, 최진영, & 홍상황 (2014).  K-WAIS-IV단축형의 타당도.  한국심리학회지 : 임상, 33,2, 413-428.

Kim, S. G., Lee, E. H., Hwang, S. T., Park, K., Chey, J., Hong, S. H., & Kim, J. H. (2015). Estimation of K-WAIS-IV Premorbid Intelligence in South

            Korea: Development of the KPIE-IV. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 1-11.